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ChemWiki: The Dynamic Chemistry Hypertext > Core > Inorganic Chemistry > Descriptive Chemistry > Elements Organized by Block > p-Block Elements > Group 15: The Nitrogen Family > Chemistry of Bismuth

Chemistry of Bismuth

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Bismuth, the heaviest non-radioactive naturally occurring element, was isolated by Basil Valentine in 1450. It is a hard, brittle metal with an unusually low melting point (271oC). Alloys of bismuth with other low-melting metals such as tin and lead have even lower melting points and are used in electrical solders, fuse elements and automatic fire sprinkler heads.

The metal can be found in nature, often combined with copper or lead ores, but can also be extracted from bismuth(III) oxide by roasting with carbon. Compounds of bismuth are used in pigments for oil painting and one is in a popular pink preparation for the treatment of common stomach upset.


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Last modified
05:10, 18 May 2015



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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739.

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