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ChemWiki: The Dynamic Chemistry E-textbook > Development Details > Wikitexts > Textbook Maps > General Chemistry Textbooks > Timberlake 3rd edition

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Timberlake 3rd edition

General, Organic and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life Edition 2
Karen C. Timberlake

Prologue: Chemistry in Our Lives

  • P.1. Chemistry and Chemicals
  • P.2. Scientific Method: Thinking Like a Scientist
  • Health Note: Early Chemists: The Alchemists
  • Environmental Note: DDT: Good Pesticide, Bad Pesticide
  • P.3. A Study Plan for Learning Chemistry

1. Measurements

  • 1.1. Units of Measurement
  • Explore Your World: Units Listed on Labels
  • 1.2. Scientific Notation
  • 1.3. Measured Numbers and Significant Figures
  • 1.4. Significant Figures in Calculations
  • 1.5. Prefixes and Equalities
  • 1.6. Writing Conversion Factors
  • Career Focus: Veterinary Technician (VT)
  • Explore Your World: SI and Metric Equalities on Product Labels
  • Green Chemistry Note: Toxicology and Risk-Benefit Assessment
  • 1.7. Problem Solving
  • 1.8. Density
  • Health Note: Bone Density
  • Explore Your World: Sink or Float?
  • Health Note: Determination of Percentage of Body Fat

2. Energy and Matter

  • 2.1. Energy
  • 2.2. Temperature
  • Health Note: Variation in Body Temperature
  • 2.3. Specific Heat
  • Green Chemistry Note: Carbon Dioxide and Global Warming
  • 2.4. Energy and Nutrition
  • Explore Your World: Counting Calories
  • Health Note: Losing and Gaining Weight
  • 2.5. Classification of Matter
  • 2.6. States and Properties of Matter
  • Career Focus: Histologist
  • 2.7. Changes of State
  • Health Note: Steam Burns

3. Atoms and Elements

  • 3.1. Elements and Symbols
  • Health Note: Latin Names for Elements in Clinical Usage
  • Environmental Note: Toxicity of Mercury
  • 3.2. The Periodic Table
  • Health Note: Elements Essential to Health
  • Health Note: Some Important Trace Elements in the Body
  • 3.3. The Atom
  • Explore Your World: Repulsion and Attraction
  • 3.4. Atomic Number and Mass Number
  • Career Focus: Optician
  • 3.5. Isotopes and Atomic Mass
  • 3.6. Electron Energy Levels
  • Green Chemistry Note: Energy-Saving Lightbulbs
  • 3.7. Electron Configurations
  • 3.8. Periodic Trends

4. Nuclear Chemistry

  • 4.1. Natural Radioactivity
  • 4.2. Nuclear Reactions
  • Green Chemistry Note: Radon in Our Homes
  • Health Note: Beta Emitters in Medicine
  • 4.3. Radiation Measurement
  • Health Note: Radiation and Food
  • Health Note: Brachytherapy
  • 4.4. Half-Life of a Radioisotope
  • Explore Your World: Modeling Half-Lives
  • Environmental Note: Dating Ancient Objects
  • 4.5. Medical Applications Using Radioactivity
  • Health Note: Radiation Doses in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Health Note: Other Imaging Methods
  • 4.6. Nuclear Fission and Fusion
  • Green Chemistry Note: Nuclear Power Plants

5. Compounds and Their Bonds

  • 5.1. Octet Rule and Ions
  • Health Note: Some Uses for Noble Gases
  • Health Note: Some Important Ions in the Body
  • 5.2. Ionic Compounds
  • Career Focus: Physical Therapist
  • 5.3. Naming and Writing Ionic Formulas
  • 5.4. Polyatomic Ions
  • 5.5. Covalent Compounds
  • 5.6. Naming and Writing Covalent Formulas
  • 5.7. Electronegativity and Bond Polarity
  • 5.8. Shapes and Polarity of Molecules
  • 5.9. Attractive Forces in Compounds

6. Chemical Reactions and Quantities

  • 6.1. Chemical Reactions
  • 6.2. Types of Reactions
  • Health Note: Smog and Health Concerns
  • 6.3. Oxidation–Reduction Reactions
  • Explore Your World: Oxidation of Fruits and Vegetables
  • Green Chemistry Note: Fuel Cells: Clean Energy for the Future
  • 6.4. The Mole
  • 6.5. Molar Mass
  • Explore Your World: Calculating Moles in the Kitchen
  • 6.6. Mole Relationships in Chemical Equations
  • 6.7. Mass Calculations for Reactions
  • 6.8. Percent Yield and Limiting Reactants
  • 6.9. Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
  • Health Note: Hot Packs and Cold Packs

7. Gases

  • 7.1. Properties of Gases
  • Explore Your World: Forming a Gas
  • 7.2. Gas Pressure
  • Health Note: Measuring Blood Pressure
  • 7.3. Pressure and Volume (Boyle’s Law)
  • Health Note: Pressure–Volume Relationship in Breathing
  • 7.4. Temperature and Volume (Charles’s Law)
  • Green Chemistry Note: Greenhouse Gases
  • 7.5. Temperature and Pressure (Gay–Lussac’s Law)
  • 7.6. The Combined Gas Law
  • 7.7. Volume and Moles (Avogadro’s Law)
  • 7.8. The Ideal Gas Law
  • 7.9. Partial Pressures (Dalton’s Law)
  • Health Note: Blood Gases
  • Health Note: Hyperbaric Chambers

8. Solutions

  • 8.1. Solutions
  • Health Note: Water in the Body
  • 8.2. Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes
  • Explore Your World: Like Dissolves Like
  • Health Note: Electrolytes in Body Fluids
  • 8.3. Solubility
  • Health Note: Gout and Kidney Stones: A Problem of Saturation in Body Fluids
  • Explore Your World: Preparing Solutions
  • 8.4. Percent Concentration
  • 8.5. Molarity and Dilution
  • 8.6. Physical Properties of Solutions
  • Health Note: Colloids and Solutions in the Body
  • Explore Your World: Everyday Osmosis
  • Health Note: Dialysis by the Kidneys and the Artificial Kidney

9. Chemical Equilibrium

  • 9.1. Rates of Reactions
  • Environmental Note: Catalytic Converters
  • 9.2. Chemical Equilibrium
  • 9.3. Equilibrium Constants
  • 9.4. Using Equilibrium Constants
  • 9.5. Changing Equilibrium Conditions: Le Châtelier’s Principle
  • Health Note: Oxygen–Hemoglobin Equilibrium and Hypoxia
  • Health Note: Homeostasis: Regulation of Body Temperature
  • 9.6. Equilibrium in Saturated Solutions

10. Acids and Bases

  • 10.1. Acids and Bases
  • 10.2. Strengths of Acids and Bases
  • 10.3. Ionization of Water
  • 10.4. The pH Scale
  • Health Note: Stomach Acid, HCl
  • Explore Your World: Using Vegetables and Flowers as pH Indicators
  • 10.5. Reactions of Acids and Bases
  • Green Chemistry Note: Acid Rain
  • Health Note: Antacids
  • 10.6. Acid–Base Properties of Salt Solutions
  • 10.7. Buffers
  • Health Note: Buffers in the Blood

11. Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes

  • 11.1. Organic Compounds
  • 11.2. Alkanes
  • 11.3. Alkanes with Substituents
  • Career Focus: Geologist
  • Health Note: Common Uses of Haloalkanes
  • 11.4. Properties of Alkanes
  • Explore Your World: Combustion
  • Health Note: Toxicity of Carbon Monoxide
  • Green Chemistry Note: Crude Oil
  • Environmental Note: CFCs and Ozone Depletion
  • 11.5. Functional Groups
  • Environmental Note: Functional Groups in Familiar Compounds

12. Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds

  • 12.1. Alkenes and Alkynes
  • Explore Your World: Ripening Fruit
  • Environmental Note: Fragrant Alkenes
  • 12.2. Cis–Trans Isomers
  • Explore Your World: Modeling Cis–Trans Isomers
  • Environmental Note: Pheromones in Insect Communication
  • Health Note: Cis–Trans Isomers for Night Vision
  • 12.3. Addition Reactions
  • Explore Your World: Unsaturation in Fats and Oils
  • Health Note: Hydrogenation of Unsaturated Fats
  • Career Focus: Laboratory Technologist
  • 12.4. Polymers of Alkenes
  • Explore Your World: Polymers and Recycling Plastics
  • 12.5. Aromatic Compounds
  • Health Note: Some Common Aromatic Compounds
  • Health Note: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)

13. Alcohols, Phenols, Thiols, and Ethers

  • 13.1. Alcohols, Phenols, and Thiols
  • Explore Your World: Alcohols in Household Products
  • Health Note: Some Important Alcohols and Phenols
  • 13.2. Ethers
  • Health Note: Ethers as Anesthetics
  • Environmental Note: Toxic Ethers
  • 13.3. Physical Properties of Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
  • 13.4. Reactions of Alcohols and Thiols
  • Health Note: Methanol Poisoning
  • Health Note: Oxidation of Alcohol in the Body

14. Aldehydes, Ketones, and Chiral Molecules

  • 14.1. Aldehydes and Ketones
  • Environmental Note: Vanilla
  • Health Note: Some Important Aldehydes and Ketones
  • 14.2. Physical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones
  • 14.3. Oxidation and Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones
  • 14.4. Addition Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones
  • 14.5. Chiral Molecules
  • Explore Your World: Using Gumdrops and Toothpicks to Model Chiral Objects
  • Health Note: Enantiomers in Biological Systems

15. Carbohydrates

  • 15.1. Carbohydrates
  • 15.2. Fischer Projections of Monosaccharides
  • Health Note: Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia
  • 15.3. Haworth Structures of Monosaccharides
  • 15.4. Chemical Properties of Monosaccharides
  • Health Note: Testing for Glucose in Urine
  • 15.5. Disaccharides
  • Explore Your World: Sugar and Sweeteners
  • Health Note: How Sweet Is My Sweetener?
  • Health Note: Blood Types and Carbohydrates
  • Career Focus: Phlebotomist
  • 15.6. Polysaccharides
  • Explore Your World: Polysaccharides

16. Carboxylic Acids and Esters

  • 16.1. Carboxylic Acids
  • Health Note: Alpha Hydroxy Acids
  • 16.2. Properties of Carboxylic Acids
  • Health Note: Carboxylic Acids in Metabolism
  • 16.3. Esters
  • Health Note: Salicylic Acid and Pain Relievers
  • Environmental Note: Plastics
  • 16.4. Naming Esters
  • 16.5. Properties of Esters
  • Environmental Note: Cleaning Action of Soaps

17. Lipids

  • 17.1. Lipids
  • 17.2. Fatty Acids
  • Explore Your World: Solubility of Fats and Oils
  • Health Note: Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Fish Oils
  • 17.3. Waxes, Fats, and Oils
  • 17.4. Chemical Properties of Triacylglycerols
  • Health Note: Olestra: A Fat Substitute
  • Health Note: Trans Fatty Acids and Hydrogenation
  • Green Chemistry Note: Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
  • Explore Your World: Types of Fats
  • 17.5. Glycerophospholipids
  • 17.6. Sphingolipids
  • Health Note: Lipid Diseases
  • 17.7. Steroids: Cholesterol, Bile Salts, and Steroid Hormones
  • Health Note: Anabolic Steroids
  • 17.8. Cell Membranes

18. Amines and Amides

  • 18.1. Amines
  • Health Note: Amines in Health and Medicine
  • 18.2. Properties of Amines
  • 18.3. Heterocyclic Amines and Alkaloids
  • Health Note: Synthesizing Drugs
  • 18.4. Amides
  • Health Note: Amides in Health and Medicine
  • 18.5. Hydrolysis of Amides

19. Amino Acids and Proteins

  • 19.1. Proteins and Amino Acids
  • 19.2. Amino Acids as Zwitterions
  • 19.3. Formation of Peptides
  • Career Focus: Rehabilitation Specialist
  • 19.4. Protein Structure: Primary and Secondary Levels
  • Health Note: Polypeptides in the Body
  • Health Note: Essential Amino Acids
  • 19.5. Protein Structure: Tertiary and Quaternary Levels
  • Health Note: Prions and Mad Cow Disease
  • Health Note: Sickle-Cell Anemia
  • 19.6. Protein Hydrolysis and Denaturation
  • Explore Your World: Denaturation of Milk Protein

20. Enzymes and Vitamins

  • 20.1. Enzymes
  • 20.2. Enzyme Action
  • Health Note: Isoenzymes as Diagnostic Tools
  • 20.3. Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity
  • Explore Your World: Enzyme Activity
  • 20.4. Enzyme Inhibition
  • 20.5. Regulation of Enzyme Activity
  • 20.6. Enzyme Cofactors and Vitamins

21. Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis

  • 21.1. Components of Nucleic Acids
  • 21.2. Primary Structure of Nucleic Acids
  • 21.3. DNA Double Helix
  • 21.4. DNA Replication
  • Career Focus: Occupational Therapist
  • 21.5. RNA and Transcription
  • 21.6. The Genetic Code
  • 21.7. Protein Synthesis: Translation
  • Health Note: Many Antibiotics Inhibit Protein Synthesis
  • 21.8. Genetic Mutations
  • Explore Your World: A Model for DNA Replication and Mutation
  • 21.9. Recombinant DNA
  • 21.10. Viruses
  • Health Note: Cancer

22. Metabolic Pathways for Carbohydrates

23. Metabolism and Energy Production

  • 23.1. The Citric Acid Cycle
  • Career Focus: Physical Therapist
  • 23.2. Electron Carriers
  • 23.3. Electron Transport
  • Health Note: Toxins: Inhibitors of Electron Transport
  • 23.4. Oxidative Phosphorylation and ATP
  • 23.5. ATP Energy from Glucose
  • Health Note: ATP Synthase and Heating the Body
  • Health Note: Efficiency of ATP Production

24. Metabolic Pathways for Lipids and Amino Acids

  • 24.1. Digestion of Triacylglycerols
  • Explore Your World: Digestion of Fats
  • 24.2. Oxidation of Fatty Acids
  • 24.3. ATP and Fatty Acid Oxidation
  • Health Note: Stored Fat and Obesity
  • Explore Your World: Fat Storage and Blubber
  • 24.4. Ketogenesis and Ketone Bodies
  • Health Note: Ketone Bodies and Diabetes
  • 24.5. Fatty Acid Synthesis
  • 24.6. Digestion of Proteins
  • 24.7. Degradation of Amino Acids
  • 24.8. Urea Cycle
  • 24.9. Fates of the Carbon Atoms from Amino Acids
  • 24.10. Synthesis of Amino Acids
  • Health Note: Phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Health Note: Homocysteine and Coronary Heart Disease

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10:09, 2 Oct 2013

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