ChemWiki: The Dynamic Chemistry E-textbook > Organic Chemistry > Hydrocarbons > Alkanes


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Substances consisting entirely of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms and lacking functional groups are called Alkanes. There are three basic types of structure that they are classified in: the linear straight-chain alkanes, branched alkanes, and also cycloalkanes. Alkanes can be subdivided into three groups. An Alkane is also called saturated hydrocarbon because the compound has only single bonds between the atoms. Alkanes that have a ring or cyclic structure are called cyclicalkanes, while those that are without are called acyclic. General formula: CnH2n+2, n>2

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