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|Three solutions are combined in alphabetical order. |
The resulting solution turns fron amber to blue-black. The blue slowly fades to colorless, and the reaction begins again. During the course of the reaction, bubbles are evolved.
Although the complete mechanism is uncertain, the reaction is believed to be an indirect route to decomposing H2O2into H2O and O2, related to the H2O2/IO3- oscillating reaction. If so, the amber color results from the production of I2 in the absence of I -, while the blue color results from the simultaneous presence of both I2 and I - leading to the blue starch-I3- complex. The bubbles are oxygen gas. The following steps have been proposed:
5 H2O2 (aq) + I2 (aq) --> 2 HIO3 (aq) + 4 H2O (l)
5 H2O2 (aq) + 2 HIO3 (aq) --> 5 O2 (g) + I2 (aq) + 6 H2O (l)
The functions of the malonic acid and the manganese ion may be to increase the size and frequency of the I2 and I -fluctuations.