Diffusion in Liquids
Chemical Concept Demonstrated
The top HCl layer diffuses into the middle layer and changes color indicating an acid. The bottom NH3 layer is also diffusing into the middle layer and changes color indicating a base. Eventually once the HCl and the NH3 begin to mix, the indicator turns the color of a neutral solution.
Liquids diffuse from solutions of higher concentration to solutions of lower concentration. The indicator in the water showed how the HCl diffused downward into the water, but the NH3 diffused upward. Both were going toward the solution with the lowest concentration. Then, they began to mix with each other in the same manner.